تجربیات قبلی و عملکرد تکالیف مرتبط به رایانه دانشجویان: نقش خودکارآمدی رایانه، اضطراب رایانه و جنسیت

نوع مقاله: پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری رشته برنامه‌ریزی آموزش از دور و عضو هیات علمی دانشگاه پیام نور

2 استاد روان‌شناسی تربیتی، دانشگاه پیام‌نور

چکیده

هدف پژوهش حاضر بررسی رابطه تجربیات قبلی رایانه با عملکرد تکالیف مرتبط به رایانه با توجه به نقش واسطه‌گری خودکارآمدی و اضطراب رایانه است که با طرح‌ریزی مدل مفهومی بر اساس تحلیل مسیر انجام شده است برای این منظور تعداد 282 دانشجوی کارشناسی دانشگاه پیام نور شهرستان گرمی و بیله‌سوار (142 دختر و 140 پسر) به روش نمونه‌گیری طبقه‌ای نسبی انتخاب و به پرسش‌نامه‌ای متشکل از مقیاس‌های اضطراب رایانه، خودکارآمدی رایانه، تجربیات قبلی رایانه پاسخ دادند. برای سنجش عملکرد رایانه (تکالیف مرتبط به رایانه) از نمرات آزمون عملی درس آشنایی با رایانه دانشجویان استفاده شده است. نتایج پژوهش نشان داد که تجربیات قبلی رایانه اثر غیرمستقیم مثبت معنادار بر عملکرد رایانه با میانجیگری اضطراب رایانه و خودکارآمدی رایانه دارد. اضطراب رایانه اثر غیرمستقیم بر عملکرد رایانه با میانجیگری خودکارآمدی رایانه دارد. مدل پیشنهادی با داده‌های این تحقیق برازش بسیار خوبی دارد و توانسته است 72/0 از واریانس عملکرد رایانه را تبیین کند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Previous Experience of University Students and Tasks Performance Connected to Computer: Role of Computer Self - Efficacy, Computer Anxiety and Gender

نویسندگان [English]

  • Nasibeh pourasghar 1
  • Hosein Zare 2
چکیده [English]

The aim of this research is analysis of the relation of the previous experience of computer with the performance in computer related-tasks with regard to the role of mediation of self-efficacy and computer anxiety which has been carried out with planning the conceptual model based on path analysis. For doing this, 282 undergraduate students (142 female and 140 male) from the Payame Noor University of Germi and bilesavar were selected through relative class sampling. They completed a questionnaire composed of a computer anxiety scale, a computer self - efficacy scale and a computer experiences questionnaire. Practical computer test scores were used to measure the performance of tasks connected to computer. The results showed that the previous computer experience has a significantly indirect effect on computer performance through the mediating role of computer anxiety and computer self-efficacy. Computer anxiety has a significantly indirect effect on computer performance with the mediation of computer self-efficacy. The suggested model has a good fitness with the research data and could also explain 0.72 of the computer performance variance.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • performance
  • Computer anxiety
  • Computer Previous Experience
  • Computer Self - Efficacy
  • Gender

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