نقش باورهای انگیزشی و درگیری شناختی بین پیشرفت تحصیلی قبلی و پیشرفت تحصیلی فعلی (الگوی تحلیل)

نوع مقاله: پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه پیام نور

2 دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

 

هدف از پژوهش حاضر بررسی نقش واسطه باورهای انگیزشی (ارزش تکلیف، خودکارآمدی تحصیلی و اهداف پیشرفت) و درگیری شناختی در رابطه بین پیشرفت تحصیلی قبلی و پیشرفت تحصیلی فعلی دانشجویان است.
برای این منظور 473 نفر (305 دختر و 168 پسر) از دانشجویان مقطع کارشناسی دانشگاه پیام‌نور استان فارس در سال تحصیلی 90-89 با استفاده از روش نمونه‌گیری خوشه‌ای چند مرحله‌ای انتخاب و به پرسش‌-نامه‌های خودگزارشی متشکل از خرده‌ مقیاس‌های ارزش تکلیف، خودکارآمدی تحصیلی، اهداف پیشرفت، و راهبردهای یادگیری پاسخ دادند. از معدل تحصیلی پایان ترم دانشجویان به عنوان شاخص پیشرفت تحصیلی فعلی و از معدل تحصیلی ترم قبل آنان به عنوان شاخص عملکرد تحصیلی قبلی استفاده شد.
نتایج پژوهش نشان داد که ارزش تکلیف، خودکارآمدی تحصیلی و اهداف پیشرفت از طریق واسطه­گری راهبردهای یادگیری سطحی و عمیق بر پیشرفت تحصیلی ریاضی اثر غیرمستقیم دارند؛ به علاوه پیشرفت تحصیلی قبلی نیز هم دارای اثر مستقیم و هم غیرمستقیم بر پیشرفت تحصیلی ریاضی بود. در بخش بحث و نتیجه­گیری یافته‌های به‌دست آمده را به تفصیل بیان خواهیم کرد.



 

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The role of motivational beliefs and cognitive engagement on previous academic achievement and current one: Path Analysis model

نویسندگان [English]

  • saeid mazlomian 1
  • ahmad rastegar 1
  • mohammad hasan seif 1
  • reza ghorban jahromi 2
چکیده [English]

 
The present study aimed at investigating the mediating role of motivational beliefs (i.e., task value, academic self-efficacy, and achievement goals) and cognitive engagement in the relationship between previous and current academic achievement.
To do so, 473 (305 female and 168 male) undergraduate students from Fars Province Payame Noor University were chosen through multi-stage cluster sampling and completed a self-report questionnaire consisted of task value, academic self-efficacy, achievement goals, and learning strategies. The students' final academic GPA was used as indicator of current academic achievement and their GPA in the last semester was used as indicator of previous academic achievement.
The results generally indicated that task value, academic self-efficacy, and achiev-ement goals have indirect effect on mathematics achievement through the mediatory role of superficial and deep learning strategies. Moreover, students’ previous academic achievement had both direct and indirect effect on mathematics achievement. In discussion and result sector , we will talk about findings in more detail.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • motivational beliefs
  • Task Value
  • Academic self-efficacy
  • Achievement Goals
  • Cognitive engagement
  • Academic Achievement

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