شاخص‌های روان‌سنجی پرسش‌نامة حمایت از خودمختاری ادراک‌شده - پرسش‌نامة جو یادگیری

نوع مقاله : پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی دکتری، دانشکده روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد تهران مرکز

2 استاد، گروه روان‌شناسی تربیتی، دانشگاه خوارزمی

3 استادیار، دانشکده روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، واحد تهران مرکز

10.30473/etl.2020.52749.3219

چکیده

این پژوهش با هدف بررسی شاخص‌های روان‌سنجی پرسش‌نامة حمایت از خودمختاری ادراک‌شده انجام شد. جامعة آماری پژوهش دانش‌آموزان متوسطه دورة اول هستند که در شهر تهران در سال تحصیلی ۹۷-۹۸ مشغول به تحصیل بوده‌اند. حجم نمونه‌ای به تعداد دویست نفر به روش خوشه‌ای چند مرحله‌ای انتخاب شده و به پرسش‌نامه حمایت از خودمختاری ادراک‌شده پاسخ دادند. داده‌ها با نرم‌افزار SPSS و Amos (نسخه ۲۳) تحلیل شدند. یافته‌ها نشان دادند که پرسش‌نامة حمایت از خودمختاری ادراک‌شده از روایی و پایایی قابل قبولی برخوردار است. نتایج تحلیل عاملی اکتشافی به روش مؤلفه‌های اصلی، وجود یک عامل را نشان داد که ۱/۵۱ درصد واریانس کلی را تبیین می‌کند. تحلیل عاملی تاییدی نشان داد ساختار پرسش‌نامه برازش قابل قبولی با داده‌ها دارد و شاخص‌های نیکویی برازش، مدل را تایید می‌کنند (X2/df=1/867، RMSEA=0/066 ، GFI=0/915، NFI=0/909، CFI=0/955). ضریب آلفای کرونباخ (۹۲۵/۰) نشان می‌دهد پرسش‌نامه از همسانی درونی خوبی برخوردار است. نتایج تحلیل عاملی و پایایی به نتایج تحقیقات بین‌المللی پیشین هم‌راستا است؛ بنابراین پرسش‌نامة حمایت از خودمختاری ادراک شده برای استفاده در پژوهش‌های مرتبط در بین دانش‌آموزان، مقیاس قابل اتکایی است و می‌توان از این پرسش‌نامه به عنوان ابزار سنجش استفاده کرد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Psychometric Properties of the Perceived Autonomy Support Questionnaire - Learning Climate Questionnaire

نویسندگان [English]

  • Amir Teimouri 1
  • Parvin Kadivar 2
  • Hamidreza Rezazadeh Bahadoran 3
1 Ph.D. Student, Psychology Department, Islamic Azad University, Central Tehran Branch, Tehran, Iran
2 Professor, Educational Psychology Department, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran
3 Assistant Professor, Psychology Faculty, Islamic Azad University, Central Tehran Branch, Tehran Iran
چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study was to investigate the psychometric indicators of the Perceived Autonomy Support Questionnaire. The sample size of this study was 200 first level high school students who were selected by cluster sampling method from schools of Tehran. The data were analyzed by SPSS and Amos (ver. 23). Findings showed that perceived autonomy support questionnaire has acceptable validity and reliability. The results of exploratory factor analysis by the principal components method, confirmed 1 factor accounting for 51.1% of overall variance. Confirmatory factor analysis showed that goodness of fit indicators (x2/df=1.867, RMSEA=0.066, GFI= 0.915, NFI=0.909, CFI=0.955) confirmed the model. Cronbach's alpha coefficient (0.925) shows a good internal consistency. The results of factor analysis and reliability test are consistent with the existing international studies. Considering psychometric properties, the perceived autonomy support questionnaire is a valid and reliable scale and can be used as an assessment tool in research and school settings.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • autonomy support
  • Perceived Autonomy Support Questionnaire
  • Self-determination Theory (SDT)
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