تدوین مدلی علّی بهزیستی ذهنی بر پایة تاب‌آوری تحصیلی و نقش واسطه‌ای تعامل معلم دانش‌آموز، سازگاری هیجانی و ادراک از جو مدرسه

نوع مقاله : پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 کارشناس ارشد، روان‌شناسی تربیتی، دانشگاه ارومیه، ارومیه، ایران

2 دانشیار، گروه روان‌شناسی، دانشگاه ارومیه، ارومیه، ایران

چکیده

هدف از پژوهش حاضر تدوین مدل علّی بهزیستی ذهنی بر پایۀ تاب‌آوری تحصیلی و نقش واسطه‌ای تعامل معلم دانش‌آموز، سازگاری هیجانی و ادراک از جو مدرسه است. بهزیستی ذهنی به عنوان یکی از شاخص‌های مهم کیفیت زندگی مطرح شده است و متغیرهای زیادی از قبیل متغیرهای زیستی، اجتماعی، شخصیتی، شغلی و... در میزان بهزیستی ذهنی افراد نقش دارند. جامعۀ آماری پژوهش حاضر شامل همۀ دانش‌آموزان مقطع متوسطه دوم شهر ارومیه بود و شرکت‌کنندگان 350 نفر بودند که با روش نمونه‌گیری تصادفی چند مرحله‌ای انتخاب شدند و به پرسش‌نامه‌های سازه‌های موجود در مدل پاسخ دادند. برای برازش مدل از روش حداقل مربعات جزئی (نسل دوم مدل‌های ساختاری) استفاده شد.
از یافته‌های قابل توجه پژوهش حاضر می‌‌توان به تأثیر مستقیم تاب‌آوری بر تعامل معلم -دانش‌آموز، سازگاری هیجانی و ادراک از جو مدرسه و همچنین تأثیر مستقیم سازگاری هیجانی و تعامل معلم -دانش‌آموز بر بهزیستی ذهنی اشاره کرد. در مجموع مدل اصلاح شدۀ پژوهش حاضر توانست 30 درصد از واریانس بهزیستی ذهنی را تبیین کند که این امر نشان دهندۀ اهمیت متغیرهای موجود در مدل است.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Developing a Causal model of Subjective Well being Based on Academic Resilience and Mediating Roles of Teacher- Student Relationship, Emotional Adjustment and School Climate

نویسندگان [English]

  • Fateme Anvari 1
  • Farzaneh Mikaeli manee 2
1 MS.c., Educational Psychology, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran
2 Associate Professor, Education Department, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran
چکیده [English]

Developing a causal model of subjective well being based on academic resilience and mediating roles of teacher-student relationship, school climate and emotional adjustment is the main aim of this research. Subjective well-being is one of the important indicators of quality of life which is under the influence of many variables including biological, social, personality, occupational, etc. The statistical population consisted of all high school students in Urmia and participants were 350 students who were selected by multi-stage random sampling and responded to the questionnaire which was based on conceptual model. For fitting data with conceptual model, we used partial least square method (next generation of path modeling).
Among the significant findings of this study, we can mention the direct effect of academic resilience on student teacher relationship, emotional adjustment, and school climate as well as the direct effects of emotional adjustment and teacher student relationship on subjective well being. In sum, the revised model of the present study could explain 30% of the variance of subjective well-being, which indicates the importance of the variables in the model.
Among the significant findings of this study, we can mention the direct effect of academic resilience on student teacher relationship, emotional adjustment, and school climate as well as the direct effects of emotional adjustment and teacher student relationship on subjective well being. In sum, the revised model of the present study could explain 30% of the variance of subjective well-being, which indicates the importance of the variables in the model.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • teacher-student relationship
  • school climate
  • Academic Resilience
  • subjective well being
  • emotional adjustment
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